The most constant and most important BAEP waves from the clinical point of view are waves I, III & V. Their measurements include absolute latency and interpeak latency. The Interpeak latencies represent conduction time through relay stations of auditory pathway in the brainstem. Thus IPL I-III is a measure of conduction from acoustic nerve to pontomedullary region, III-V conduction in the more rostral pontine and midbrain portion of the pathway and I-V reflects the total brainstem conduction time. Concerning electrophysiological measures, it appears that at least for middle and late evoked potentials male and female differences appear in adulthood. There appears to be less agreement among researchers with respect to the age at which gender differences are evident with the auditory brainstem response. The aim of our study is to find out the effect of gender on BAEP waves latencies and amplitudes. We assigned one hundred and five subjects for study. Out of them 55 were males and 50 females between the age group of 20-35 years. Wave III and wave V latencies & I-III and I-V interpeak latencies were significantly (P < 0.01) shorter in females than in males. The difference in mean wave V latency between males & females was 0.18 ms. The significant changes in the BAEPs in our study support the possible role of gender as contributive factors for normal variations.
In India smoking is a common habit in both rural and urban areas . According to national sample survey 35% of men and 12% of women in India use tobacco in some form or other and it causes various effects on body including blood . Evidence is that accumulating haemostatic factors have a pathogenic role in ischemic heart diseases and stroke ,smoking habit is known to affect several haemostatic heart diseases.
In this study 100 healthy male subjects, 50 chronic smokers and 50 non smokers were assessed for differential white blood cell count .there was decreased neutrophil and basophil count while lymphocyte count was significantly increased to about 30% in smokers from about 24% in non smokers ,while there was no significant changes in other white blood cells.
Objectives- 1.To study the effect of tobacco smoking on different white blood cell count.
2.To establish a correlation between chronic tobacco smoking and its effects on parameters which were studied.
3.To create awareness in tobacco smokers about the effect of tobacco on their health.
Light microscopy provides a simple, cost-effective and vital method for the diagnosis of many diseases and infections used in both pathology and microbiology laboratories. Recently use of mobile phone has become very common and many mobile phones are equipped with cameras with good resolution. Present paper explores camera phone technology can be applied to capture and transmit the images directly from the eyepiece of an ordinary laboratory microscope. A simple method to capture the digital images of the laboratory slides of microbilogical objects by using camera phone in microscope was designed and discussed..
Present paper reports a case of fungal prostatitis which has perfectly been cured with homoeopathic drugs. Diagnosis is based on fungal culture of prostate fluid before and after treatment. Present case added to literature, suggesting that clinicians need to consider fungal infections in patients who fail standard therapy for prostatitis, either as a primary causative organism or as secondary agents induced by broad-spectrum antibiotic use. Homeopathic drugs are potentially alternative to treat fungal prostatitis.
To assess the awareness , attitudes and beliefs of the students towards HIV/AIDS an observational study was carried out in college students in Nagpur city ( Central India).They were asked to fill up the pre designed questioner. The knowledge regarding etiology, modes of transmission and prevention was assessed. Total 452 students participated from different colleges. Most of the students were aware of AIDS as a disease since it is included in school syllabus. But only 66.81% could give the full form of AIDS and 44.69% knew full form of HIV. Still it was encouraging to observe that 84.95 % students knew that causative agent is a virus. 87.61 % stated that HIV could be Transmitted from mother to baby . Still today 18.14% persons think that just by looking at someone we can tell whether he has HIV infection or not. Majority were aware that ( 86.72%) till today there is no effective cure for AIDS . Information, education and communication are the major step in HIV prevention. Result of this study clearly stress the need for health education and AIDS awareness programmes for population in general and high risk groups in particular.
Light microscopy is routinely used to study the biological specimens in various institutions. Examination of low contrast structures need special condensers as in phase contrast or dark ground microscope which are quite expensive. A conventional light microscpoe can be converted into a dark ground microscope by putting a simple patch stop in path of light source . The technique discribed here is simple and inexpensive method of making a light occluding patch stop made up of cardboard or simply a black paper patch pasted over a piece of trasparant sheet like OHP transparancy which can be placed in filter holder, thus converting light microscope into dark ground microscope; very useful in examination of low contrast specimens.
In preparation of recipe food preference by earthworms and C/N ratio are the two major factors were considered. The preferences vary with reference to dry leaf matter and to disintegrating leaves in soil. In composting process the ratio of C/N is one of the important parameter which gives an indication of rate of decomposition. The waste materials having high C/N ratio mixed with nitrogen rich leguminous green mulch to get a C/N ratio below 40:1 which resulted in quick decomposition and production of high quality of vermicompost. Five recipes were prepared: 1. leaf litter (12 Parts) + Cow Dung (3 Parts) + Babul Leaves(4.5 Parts), 2. Cattle feed waste (18 Parts)+ Bean Leaves (3.0 Parts), 3. Saw dust(20 Parts)+Cow dung(1 Part)+ Dhaincha leaves(1.5 Parts), 4. Paddy straw (12 Parts)+Cow dung (3 Parts)+Babul leaves(4.5 Parts), 5. Wheat straw (15 Parts)+ Cow dung (3Parts)+Dhaincha leaves(4 Parts). These recipes when fed to earthworms, showed a better survival and fast multiplication in all recipes. The vermicompost produced after feeding the earthworms have increased nutrient status and significant reduction in C/N ratio after 120 days during October to January.
Forensic dentistry has very important role in identification of the unidentified body. Teeth and other orodental structures play a crucial role in the process of identification. Every person has peculiar dental arch, structure of the rugae area and palatal vault. Size and shape of the teeth are not identical in human beings. An expert odontologist analyses all aspect in the identification process. In this review article an attempt is made to discuss significant aspects of the identification procedure.
Neonates were classified as having either Early Onset Septicemia (EOS) or Late Onset Septicemia (LOS). Blood culture samples of clinically suspected cases of neonatal septicemia from October 2005 to July 2007 were studied. Antibiotic sensitivity pattern of isolates was also analysed in 260 blood culture. Culture was positive in 70 (26.9%) samples. Of these, 48 (22.6%) were EOS and 22 (45.8%) were LOS. In EOS, K. pneumoniae and S.aureus were predominantly isolated. In LOS, S.epidermidis, Acinetobacter spp. and P.aeruginosa were most commonly seen. High resistance was seen to 3rd generation cephalosporins. The predominant organisms responsible for septicemia in NICU were K.pneumoniae, S.aureus and Acinetobacter spp. Carbapenems and vancomycin were the most effective antimicrobial agents in NICU.